练口语记单词-3500单词高效记忆法

练口语记单词-3500单词高效记忆法

A

 A: What is NY an abbreviation for ?
B: New York.
abbreviation
n.缩写, 缩写词

A: You always abide by the law.
B: Yes, I think it is important for national governance
abide
vt. 容忍
abide by
遵守,履行

A: I think my child’s behaviour is abnormal.
B: No, he just has a lot of energy.
abnormal
a.反常的,异常的

A: I think they should abolish all the rules in this school.
B: But then there would be chaos.
abolish
vt. 废止, 废除(法律、制度、习俗等)

A: Can you have an abortion in your country?
B: Yes, do you agree with it?
abortion
n. 流产, 堕胎

A: Henry abounds with energy.
B: I know I can never keep up with him.
abound
vi. 1. 大量存在
2.(in,with) 充满 ,富于

A: Do you read the newspaper every morning?
B: Yes, I at least try to keep abreast of current affairs.
abreast
ad. 并列,并排
keep abreast of
与……齐头并进,了解……的最新情况

A: I heard that you were nearly in an accident.
B: Yes, it was a close call—but the car came to an abrupt stop just in time.
abrupt
a. 1. 突然的,意外的
2.(举止、言谈等)唐突的,鲁莽的

A: Why do you abstain from alcohol?
B: I think it is better for my health.
abstain
vi. 1.弃权
2.(from)戒除

A: That was an absurd joke.
B: Maybe, but it was still funny.
absurd
a. 荒谬的,荒唐的

A: There are an abundance of flies outside.
B: I think that is because of the warm weather.
abundance
n. 大量,丰富,充足
in abundance 充足,丰富

A: Mary hangs around with Joe a lot.
B: Yes, I almost mistook her as an accessory.
accessory
n. 1.附件,零件,配件
2.[常pl.](妇女手提包之类的)装饰品
3.同谋,帮凶,包庇犯

A: He acclaimed that he was fully recovered.
B: And do you think that he actually was?
acclaim
vt. 向……欢呼,为……喝彩
n. 称赞,欢迎

A: How many people will your hotel accommodate?
B: Fifty, at a push.
accommodate
vt. 1.容纳
2.向……提供住处(或膳宿)
3.使适应,顺应

A: Do you think that Mr. Hand committed the crime alone?
B: No, he has an accomplice.
accomplice
n. 共犯,从犯

A: Why were you late for work?
B: I don’t have to tell you, I’m only accountable to my boss.
accountable
a. 负有责任的

A: That was an ace tennis match.
B: Yeah, it was fantastic.
ace
n. 1.(纸牌等中的)幺点,“A”牌
2.(网球等比赛中)发球得分
3.(在某方面的)佼佼者
a. 第一流的,杰出的

A: Do you play the acoustic guitar?
B: Usually I play the electric.
acoustic
a. 1.听觉的,声音的
2.(乐器)原声的

A: Have you acquainted yourself with the material yet?
B: No, I still have to read the book.
acquaint
vt. (with)使认识,使了解,使熟悉

A: Has the case come to a close?
B: Yes, the suspect was acquitted because there was not enough evidence.
acquit
vt. 1.宣判……无罪
2.(oneself)使(自己)作出某种表现

A: If you press that red button you will activate the bomb.
B:I’ll be sure not to press it then.
activate
vt. 使活动起来,使开始起作用

A: What do you want to be when you grow up?
B: A feminist activist , working for female rights
activist
n.(政治活动的)积极分子,活动家

A: Do you drink tea?
B: Yes, but I am addicted to coffee.
addict
n. 1.有瘾的人;2.入迷的人
vt. 使成瘾,使入迷

A: I watch too much television.
B: Me too, it is addictive
addictive
a. 使人入迷的,使人上瘾的

A: Are you going to wear those old shoes to the wedding?
B: Yeah, I hate adhering to formalities.
adhere
vi. (to )1.黏附,附着;2.遵守,坚持;3.追随,支持

A: Your poster has fallen down from the wall.
B: I ran out of adhesive and forgot buy some more.
adhesive
n. 黏合剂
a. 可黏着的,粘性的

A: Where do you live?
B: Adjacent to the hospital, and near the school.
adjacent
a. (to)邻近的,毗连的

A: I always see Mary and Bill together.
B: I do too, it is like as if they were adjoined at the hip.
adjoin
vt. 贴近,与…毗连

A: The pharmacy down the road is closed.
B: Yes, it lost its license to administer over the counter drugs.
administer
vt. 1.掌管,料理…的事务;2.施行,实施;3.给予,派给,投(药)

A: I am reading a book about a sailing voyage set in 1900.
B: Is that the one where the admiral gets thrown overboard?
admiral
n. 海军将领,舰队司令

A: He looks too young to be at university.
B: I thought he was just an adolescent
adolescent
n. 青少年
a. 青春期的,青少年的

A: I simply adore the band U2.
B: They are good , but I prefer The Cranberries.
adore
vt. 1.崇拜,致敬,爱慕;2.非常喜欢

A: Did you enjoy the wedding?
B: It was beautiful, the bride was adorned with rose in her hair.
adorn
vt. 装饰,使生色

A: I can not wait until advent is over.
B: Likewise, then I can open all of my Christmas presents.
advent
n. 出现,到来

A: Peter and Mary are always fighting.
B: I didn’t know that they had an adversary relationship.
adversary
n. 对手,敌手

A: Did you see the thunder and lightening last night?
B: No, but the weather has been unusually adverse resently.
adverse
a. 不利的,有害的

A: By the way , I broke the radio aerial last night.
B: I was wondering why the reception was so bad.
aerial
a. 1.飞机的,航空的,由飞机进行的;2.空中俯瞰的,架空的
n. 天线

A: Do you like Monet’s work?
B: No, I prefer Degas, He appeals more to my aesthetic sense.
aesthetic
见 esthetic

A: I am going on a study exchange to France next year.
B: Oh, that’s right, your university is affiliated to one in Paris.
affiliate
vt. 使隶属(或附属)于
n. 附属机构,分公司

A: Simon affirmed that he was in good health.
B: Good , so he will be fit for work tomorrow.
affirm
vt.1.断言,坚持声称;2.证实,确认

A: I could never afflict harm upon another creature.
B: Does that mean that you are also a vegetarian?
afflict
vt. 使苦恼,折磨

A: You live in a very affluent area of the city.
B: I am lucky, but I am not weathy.
affluent
a. 富裕的,富足的

A: I love being in thunderstorms.
B: I must say that I prefer the aftermath.
aftermath
n. 后果,余波

A: My little sister aggravate my daily!
B: But aren’t you glad that you have a little sister?
aggravate
vt. 1.加重;2.激怒,使恼火

A: Life is of aggregate all past experience.
B: Indeed, so I better try to gain as much experience as possible.
aggregate
n. 总数,合计
a. 总计的,合计
vt. 1.总计达,合计;2.使聚集,使积聚
in the aggregate 总共,作为总体

A: Stop agitate your brother!
B: He is the one that started it .
agitate
vi. (for,against)煽动,鼓动
vt. 1.搅动,摇动;2.使焦虑不安

A: Try to calm down. The wound is not serious.
B: But I am in agony
agony
n. (极度的)痛苦,创痛

A: Do you like your new neighbours?
B: Yes, I find them very agreeable
agreeable
a. 1.令人愉快的,惬意的;2.(欣然)同意的,乐意的

A: My grandmother lives alone.
B: Oh, mine now has an aide to help her in the home.
aide
n. 助手,副官

A: You are not looking well today.
B: Unfortunately, I always have some sort of ailment in the winter.
ailment
n. 小病,疾病

A: This room is far too warm.
B: Turn on the air-conditioning then.
air-conditioning
n. 空调设备,空调系统

A: I tripped up walking down the aisle in church last Sunday.
B: That is because you never tie your laces property.
aisle
n. 过道,通道

A: Did you take a lot of photos on your holidays?
B: Yeah, two album full.
album
n. 粘贴簿,集邮簿,像册

A: I’m not too fond of alcoholic drinks.
B: Well I usually drink Coke as well.
alcoholic
a. 1.酒精的,含酒精的;2.由酒精引起的
n. 酗酒者

A: I would love to visit South America.
B: So would I , but at the moment it seems almost alien to me.
alien
a. 1.外国的,外国人的;2.陌生的;3.性质不同的,不相容的
n. 1.外国人,外侨;2.外星人

A: The new girl in our class seems to be alienated from us.
B: I will invite her to join us at lunch, maybe that will help.
alienate
vt. 1.使疏远,使不友好,离间;2.转让,让渡(财产等)

A: He alleged that he was burgled during the night.
B: I do not believe him, he is always telling lies.
allege
vt. 断言,宣称,硬说

A: Here is some cream to alleviate your pain.
B: Thanks, I will use it straight away.
alleviate
vt. 减轻,缓解,缓和

A: Where did you lose your purse?
B: In the alley beside my house.
alley
n. 小巷,胡同

A: I have been allotted only two shelves for all my belongings in the dor.
B: I am sure that you can ask for more space if you need it.
allot
vt. 分配,拨出

A: Is your ring made of pure silver?
B: No, I think that it is just an alloy .
alloy
n. 合金
vt. 将……铸成合金

A: Mr. Jones often alludes to his wealth.
B: yes, but actually I don’t think he is wealthy compared to Mrs. Devan.
allude
vi. (to)暗指,提及

A: Why did you come to Beijing?
B: I was allured by the bright lights of the city.
allure
n. 诱惑力,魅力
vt. 诱惑,引诱,吸引

A: I heard an almighty amount of noise outside last night.
B: Sorry, that was my dog chasing my neighbour’s cat.
almighty
a.1.全能的,万能的;2.很大的,很强的

A: How often will you be able to work?
B: Only on alternate days I am afraid.
alternate
a.1.交替的,轮流的;供选择的;2.间隔的
v. (使)轮流,(使)交替

A: I amassed a lot of lecture notes during my undergraduate degree.
B: I hope that you amassed them in your head also!
amass
vt. 积累,积聚

A: Did you enjoy the end of the novel?
B: No, it was too ambiguous for me.
ambiguous
a. 引起歧义的,模棱两可的,含糊不清的

A: You work very hard.
B: Maybe, but I ma ambitious and want to do well in my career.
ambitious
a.1.有抱负的,雄心勃勃的;2.有野心的

A: Your essay is good. But I think that you need to amend the conclusion.
B: Oh, I thought the ending was the best part.
amend
vt. 修改,修订,改进
n.[pl.]赔罪,赔偿

A: Do your parents get along well?
B: Yes, they at least have an amicable relationship.
amiable
a. 和蔼可亲的,友好的

A: The army in my county is under-funded.
B: I think that it is a good thing that it can not afford more ammunition though.
ammunition
n. 弹药,军火

A: Is there enough space in the back of the car?
B: Yes, ample.
ample
a.1.足够的;2.宽敞的,面积大的

A: I can not hear the lecturer.
B: He needs to amplify his voice more.
amplify
vt.1.放大(声音等),增强;2.扩大,详述,进一步阐述

A: My teacher used the analogy of an acorn and oak tree to explain the potential of the school.
B: He must think you all have a lot of potential then.
analogy
n. 比拟,类比,类推
by analogy
用类推的方法

A: That guy is crazy.
B: Maybe he needs to see an analyst.
analyst
n.1.分析家,化验员;2.心理分析学家

A: You have a very analytic mind.
B: I think that is why I enjoy mathematics.
analytic
见analytical

A: Do you ever read the Financial Times?
B: No, it is far too analytical for me.
analytical
a. 分析的,分析法的

A: My two year old son is very destructive.
B: Maybe he wants to be a political anarchist when he grows up!
anarchist
n. 无政府主义者

A: I would like to research my ancestry some day.
B: Do you even know the origin of your family name yet?
ancestry
n. 祖先,世系

A: I love Philip’s stories.
B: Yes, particularly his anecdotes.
anecdote
n. 轶事,趣闻

A: Do you like Micheangelo’s paintings?
B: Very much, particularly his depictions of angels.
angel
n.1.天使;2.可爱的人

A: My classmate had to go to hospital just before the exams.
B: Probably too much anguish and stress.
anguish
n. (精神或肉体的)极度痛苦

A: Did you know that Germany annexed part of Czechoslovakia during the war?
B: Yeah, I read about it in my history book.
annex
vt. 兼并,吞并
n. 附属建筑物

A: Do you know who wrote this poem?
B: No, it is anonymous, the poet did not disclose his name.
anonymous
a. 1.无名的,不具名的; 2.匿名的 ;3.无特色的,无个特征的

A: The film was about an antagonism between two countries.
B: Sounds too violent for my liking.
antagonism
n.对抗,敌对,对立

A: Is that insect dangerous?
B: Only if you touch it’s antenna.
antenna
n.1.触角,触须 ;2.天线

A: My grandfather went missing in South America while conducting a research project.
B: Was he an anthropologist or a scientist?
anthropologist
n.人类学家,人类学者

A: Do you know the antonym of “fast”?
B: Yes, “slow”. It was the opposite meaning of “fast”.
antonym
n.反义词

A: Would you like to come to the zoo with me ?
B: So long as we can visit the ape compound.
ape
n.猿
vt.模仿

A: I was appalled by the state of the living conditions of the poorer people in the region.
B: Yes, but the government is doing their best to help the situation.
appall
vt.使惊骇,使大吃一惊

A: Can you help me with my science experiment?
B: So long as you have the necessary apparatus and it is not dangerous.
apparatus
n.1.器械,器具,仪器 ;2.机构,组织

A: Did you enjoy the meal?
B: Yes, thanks. And it certainly appeased my hunger.
appease
vt.平息,抚慰姑息

A: I can’t find the information that you quoted.
B: Look in Appendix Four, page 231.
appendix
n.1.阑尾 ;2.附录

A: I think the performance was fantastic.
B: The audience seemed to agreed, they applauded for five minutes.
applaud
vi.鼓掌,喝彩
vt.1.向…鼓掌,向…喝彩 ;2.称赞,赞许

A: A journalist for the national paper wrote a warm appraisal for the new play.
B: I must book a ticket soon then, before they are all sold out.
appraisal
n.估计,估量,评价

A: Did they apprehend the criminal yet?
B: No, I think that the police are still looking for him.
apprehend
vt.逮捕,拘押,领会,理解

A: What is your current occupation?
B: I am an apprentice electrician but I will be qualified in two months.
apprentice
n.学徒,徒弟

A: Your shirt is filthy.
B: Oops, I was cooking but did not have an apron.
apron
n.1.围裙 ;2.台口(舞台幕前的突出部分) ;3.停机坪

A: Your comment about inefficient train service was most apt. I have been waiting in this platform for half an hour.
B: Oh, not quite. Here comes the train now.
apt
a.1.易于,有(做某事的)倾向 ;2.恰当的,适宜的 ;3.聪明的,反应敏捷的

A: Did you get into the university course that you applied for?
B: Well, I have to pass an aptitude test first, and then if I am successful I will be admitted.
aptitude
n.(学习方面的)才能,资质,天资

A: That is a beautiful bridge.
B: Yes, it’s in the shape of an arc.
arc
n.1. 弧形(物) ;2.弧 ;3.电弧,弧光

A: The new town hall is now completed.
B: Yes, I saw it , and the front arches look really beautiful.
arch
n.拱,拱门,拱形(结构)
v.(使)成拱形
a.调皮的,淘气的

A: I am very interested in buried ruins and treasures.
B: You should study archaeology.
archaeology
n.考古学

A: It is my ardent wish to travel around the world.
B: You better start saving your money now.
ardent
a.热心的,热情的,热烈的

A: The concert will take place in the main arena .
B: Wow, it will be huge. I know it can hold 30,000 people.
arena
n.1.表演场地,竞技场 ;2.活动场所

A: Mr. Smith was an aristocrat and owned a large piece of land in the south of the country.
B: Does that mean that he was also very wealthy?
aristocrat
n.贵族

A: I dreamt last night that a knight in shining armor rescued me from a burning tower.
B: Let me guess the ending, you woke up before you had a chance to fall in love!
armor
n.盔甲,装甲,保护物

A: The new shopping centre has a vast array of interesting products.
B: Yes, but they are far too expensive.
array
n.1.展示,陈列,一系列 ;2.排列,队形 ;3.衣服,盛装 ;4.数组,阵列
vt.1.排列,配置(兵力) ;2.打扮,装饰

A: Why did you break up with your first boyfriend?
B: He was too arrogant and never listen to me.
arrogant
a.傲慢的,自大的

A: I heard that Ted was arrested for arson .
B: Yeah, he set the local school on fire.
arson
n.纵火(罪)

A: Don’t eat so many fatty foods, they will block your arteries .
B: But they are the foods that I like the best.
artery
n.1.动脉 ;2.干线,要道

A: I find Paul difficult to understand.
B: That is because he does not articulate his words very clearly.
articulate
a.1.善于表达的,发音清晰的 ;2.表达得清楚有力的
vt.1.明确有力地表达;2.清晰地吐(字),清晰地发(音)

A: The army has amassed a huge amount of artillery .
B: Let’s hope they don’t have to use it.
artillery
n.1.火炮,大炮 ;2.炮兵(部队)

A: Do you think that we ascend into heaven when we die?
B: I am not sure. I am still undecided.
ascend
vi.渐渐上升,升高
vt.攀登,登上

A: I couldn’t ascertain whether he was joking or serious.
B: Don’t worry, he has a strange sense of humor.
ascertain
vt.查明,弄清,确定

A: Your father ascribed beauty and intelligence to you.
B: Thanks for the compliment.
ascribe
vt.1.(to)把…归因于;2.把…归属于

A: The man’s body came ashore five days after he went missing from the ship.
B: Oh, how terrible, that must have been the one that was found on the beach yesterday.
ashore
ad.在岸上,上岸

A: It is my aspiration to become a doctor.
B: Well, if you stick to your goals I am sure you can do it.
aspiration
n.强烈的愿望,志向,抱负

A: I do not think I have achieved enough yet.
B: Well, if you always aspire to do your best then you will not be unhappy.
aspire
vi.渴望,追求,有志于

A: Is that a donkey or an ass ?
B: Neither, it is a small horse.
ass
n.1.笨蛋,傻瓜 ;2.驴

A: Did you hear that there was an attempted assassination on the president?
B: Yes, but it was not true, somebody was spreading rumours.
assassination
n.刺杀,暗杀

A: We were warned about the risk of assault in the city.
B: Good, it is always better to be aware of the dangers.
assault
vt.(武力或口头上的)攻击,袭击

A: He asserted his points strongly during the debate.
B: Why didn’t he win it then?
assert
vt.1.肯定地说,断言 2.维护,坚持
A: I think that guy is too rude.
B: Really, I think he is just trying to assert himself .
assert oneself
坚持自己的权利,显示自己的权威

A: I think that the new student has assimilated well into his new environment.
B: Perhaps, but he does not seem to have many friends.
assimilate
vt. 1.吸收,消化;2.使同化
vi. 1.被吸收,被消化;2.被同化

A: I gave Linda an assorted box of sweets for her birthday.
B: Did you not know that chocolates were her favourite?
assorted
a. 1.各种各样的,混杂的,什锦的

A: I received assurances that I would get help.
B: And did they come through?
assurance
n. 1.把握,信心;2.保证,表示保证(或鼓励、安慰)的话;3.(人寿)保险

A: I am not able to run fast because I suffer from asthma .
B: Don’t worry, I can’t run fast either because I am unfit!
asthma
n. 气喘,哮喘

A: It is my dream to be an astronaut one day.
B: I too would love to see the earth from space.
astronaut
n. 宇航员

A: I am going to visit the new astronomy research centre in town tonight, would you like to join me?
B: I’d love too, is there a good telescope to view the stars with?
astronomy
n. 天文学

A: They are closing down the local asylum .
B: It is about time, the care facilities there were terrible.
asylum
n. 1.庇护,政治避难;2.精神病院

A: Do you have an atlas ? I want to check where and in which ocean the Tongan Islands are.
B: No, I don’t have one, but I think that they are in the Pacific.
atlas
n. 地图集

A: Is attendance at the lecture absolutely necessary?
B: Well, if you want to get credit for this course it is.
attendance
n. 1.出席人数;2.出席,参加,出席次数;3.护理,照料

A: I lost my wallet at the cinema yesterday.
B: Did you ask the attendant on duty if it was found?
attendant
n. 服务人员,侍者,随从
a. 伴随的,随之而产生的

A: The box of old photos that you are looking for is in the attic .
B: On the right or left hand side?
attic
n. 阁楼

A: The auction will be held at 3pm on Saturday.
B: Good, I’d like to set a starting price of one hundred dollars for my table.
auction
n./vt. 拍卖

A: Even though I’m not registered in this department, will it be alright if I audit your classes?
B: It is fine with me, but it is best to check with the department first.
audit
vt. 审计,检查(帐目)

A: Are all the accounts from your business in order?
B: No, the auditor still needs to check them.
auditor
n. 审计员,稽核员

A: Where will the classical concert be held?
B: In the main auditorium
auditorium
n. 1.观众席,听众席;2.礼堂,会堂

A: He is suffering from an auditory infection.
B: I hope he recovers soon.
auditory
a. 听觉的,听觉器官的

A: My salary will be augmented with the aid of extra hours.
B: Great, but don’t work too hard.
augment
vt. 扩大,增加,提高

A: I attended a memorial service last night.
B: It must have a very austere occasion.
austere
a. 1.朴素的,无装饰的;2.严峻的,一丝不苟的;3.十分简朴的,苦行的

A: Are you jeans authentic ?
B: No, they are just cheap copies of the original brand.
authentic
a. 1.真的,真正的;2.可靠的,可信的

A: John has such an authoritative voice. It is frightening.
B: I find him scary at times also.
authoritative
a. 1.权威性的,可信的;2.专断的,命令式的

 

A: Stop! You are not authorized to enter this section of the building.
B: Oh, I’m sorry, I didn’t realize that I needed special permission.
authorize
vt. 授权,批准

A: What are you reading?
B: Nelson Mandela’s autobiography , I highly recommend it.
autobiography
n. 自传

A: Is that dog over there real?
B: No, I think that it is just an automation
automation
n. 自动化(技术),自动操作

A: I am moving to an autonomous region of the country.
B: Gosh, that will be an interesting experience.
autonomous
a. 1.自治的;2.独立自主的

A: You are very independent.
B: My autonomy is protected by the law.
autonomy
n. 1.自治,自治权;2.人身自由,自主权

A: Where you able to get through to the ticket office when you telephoned?
B: I tried several times, but to no avail.
avail
n. [一般用于否定句或疑问句中] 效用,利益,帮助

A: What was the film about?
B: A guy trying to avenge the killing of his brother. It was quite violent.
avenge
vt. 1.为…复仇,报…之仇;2.(on)向…报仇

A: Let’s turn left down the next road.
B: Good idea, that way we can avert the traffic jam.
avert
vt. 1.防止,避免;2.转移(目光、注意力等)

A: I heard that the national aviation company owes a lot of money to the government.
B: Well, it must be because of the price of new planes.
aviation
n. 1.航空,航空学;2.飞机制造业

A: I was filled with awe when I watched the sun rise this morning.
B: It is a shame that I missed it, I was still in bed.
awe
n. 敬畏,惊惧
vt. 使敬畏,使惊惧
be / stand in awe of 敬畏

A: At what speed does the earth spin on its axis ?
B: I am not quite sure, you should check in your textbook.
axis
n. 1.轴,轴线,中心线;2.坐标轴,基准线

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